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White House Documents and Communications


Congressional oversight committees have sought and obtained White House documents and testimony on a wide variety of sensitive subjects during Republican and Democratic administrations. Types of White House information provided to congressional investigators include:

The volume of White House communications provided to Congress has been large.  For example, the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee received over 2 million pages of documents during its investigations of the Clinton Administration and the Democratic Party, including over 150,000 pages of White House documents. In that Committee’s campaign finance investigation alone, 49 White House officials testified before the Committee in depositions or hearings, including the White House Chief of Staff and White House Counsel. The Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition, and the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran, known as the “Iran-Contra Committees,” received 70,000 pages of documents from the Reagan White House including internal memoranda among top national security aides.


Select a category from the cards below, or simply select from this list:
White House Chiefs of Staff
Watergate
H.R. Haldeman
-
Former White House Chief of Staff
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Donald Regan
-
Former White House Chief of Staff
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Hearing TestimonyDeposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Thomas McLarty
-
Former White House Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Hearing & Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Thomas McLarty
-
Former White House Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
President's Holiday Card List
Erskine Bowles
-
White House Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Pardon Power
John Podesta
-
Former White House Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform
-
2001
Hearing Testimony
White House Deputy Chiefs of Staff
Watergate
Alexander Butterfield
-
Former White House Deputy Chief of Staff
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Travel Office Firings
Roy Neel
-
Former White House Deputy Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Deposition Testimony
Travel Office Firings/Campaign Finance
Harold Ickes
-
White House Deputy Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Harold Ickes
-
White House Deputy Chief of Staff
-
Clinton
Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Firing of U.S. Attorneys
Karl Rove
-
Former White House Deputy Chief of Staff
-
Bush
House Committee on the Judiciary
-
2009
Deposition Testimony
White House Counsels
Watergate
John Dean
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Bernard Nussbaum
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Hearing Testimony & Deposition
Whitewater Land Deal
Lloyd Cutler
-
White House Counsel
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony
FBI Background Files
Bernard Nussbaum
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Hearing Testimony & Deposition
FBI Background Files
A.B. Culvahouse
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Reagan
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Hearing Testimony
FBI Background Files
C. Boyden Gray
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Bush
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Hearing Testimony
Campaign Finance
Jack Quinn
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance & White House Emails
Charles F.C. Ruff
-
White House Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Hearing Testimony
Campaign Finance
Charles F.C. Ruff
-
White House Counsel
-
Clinton
Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs
-
1997
Hearing Testimony
White House Emails & Pardon Power
Beth Nolan
-
White House Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
2001
Hearing Testimony
Firing of U.S. Attorneys
Harriet Miers
-
Former White House Counsel
-
Bush
House Committee on the Judiciary
-
2009
Deposition Testimony
Chiefs of Staff to the Vice President
Iran Contra Affair
Craig L. Fuller
-
Chief of Staff to the Vice President
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee tInvestigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance tIran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Jack Quinn
-
Chief of Staff to the Vice President
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee tInvestigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Hearing Testimony & Deposition
Travel Office Firings
Roy Neel
-
Chief of Staff to the Vice President
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Deposition Testimony
Chiefs of Staff to the First Lady
Whitewater Land Deal
Margaret Williams
-
Chief of Staff to the First Lady
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Hearing Testimony & Deposition
Campaign Finance
Margaret Williams
-
Chief of Staff to the First Lady
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Hearing Testimony & Deposition
Campaign Finance
Margaret Williams
-
Chief of Staff to the First Lady
-
Clinton
Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
National Security Advisors
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
Zbigniew Brzezinski
-
National Security Advisor
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Hearing Testimony & Deposition
Iran Contra Affair
Admiral John Poindexter
-
Former National Security Advisor
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Hearing TestimonyDeposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Robert C. McFarlane
-
Former National Security Advisor
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Hearing TestimonyDeposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Samuel Berger
-
National Security Advisor
-
Clinton
Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs
-
1997
Hearing Testimony
9/11 Attacks
Condoleezza Rice
-
National Security Advisor
-
Bush
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States
-
2004
Hearing Testimony
Unmasking
Susan Rice
-
Former National Security Advisor
-
Obama
House Select Committee on Intelligence
-
2017
Closed Session Testimony
White House Security Office Directors
FBI Background Files
Charles Easley
-
Director, White House Office of Security
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Deposition Testimony
FBI Background Files
Craig Livingstone
-
Director, White House Office of Security
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1996
Deposition Testimony
Disclosure of CIA Employee Identity
James Knodell
-
Director, White House Office of Security
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Hearing Testimony
Political Directors
Campaign Finance
Douglas Brian Sosnik
-
Director, White House Office of Political Affairs
-
Clinton
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Political Travel
Matt A. Schlapp
-
Former Director, White House Office of Political Affairs
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Deposition Testimony
Political Travel
Sara M. Taylor
-
Former Director, White House Office of Political Affairs
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Deposition Testimony
Firing of U.S. Attorneys
Sara M. Taylor
-
Former Director, White House Office of Political Affairs
-
Bush
Senate Judiciary Committee
-
2007
Hearing Testimony
Political Travel
Ken Mehlman
-
Former Director, White House Office of Political Affairs
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Transcribed Interview
Watergate
J. Frederick Buzhardt
-
Special Counsel to the President
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Bretton Sciaroni
-
Counsel, President's Intelligence Oversight Board
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition TestimonyHearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
W. Neil Eggleston
-
Associate Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs
-
1994
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Clifford M. Sloan
-
Associate Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs
-
1994
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Joel I. Klein
-
Deputy Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs
-
1994
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Stephen R. Neuwirth
-
Associate Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs
-
1995
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Bruce Lindsey
-
Deputy Counsel to the President
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Jane Sherburne
-
Special Counsel to the President
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Bruce Lindsey
-
Deputy Counsel to the President
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
President's Holiday Card List
Cheryl Mills
-
Deputy Counsel to the President
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Hearing TestimonyDeposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Lanny Breuer
-
Special Counsel to the President
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Dimitri Nionakis
-
Associate Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Campaign Finance
Michael X. Imbroscio
-
Associate Counsel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Communications Aides
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
Jody Powell
-
Press Secretary
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Deposition Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Mark Gearan
-
Assistant to the President and Director of Communications
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Dee Dee Myers
-
Former Press Secretary
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Evelyn Lieberman
-
Deputy Press Secretary For Operations
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Lisa Caputo
-
Deputy Assistant to the President and Press Secretary to the First Lady
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony
Patrick Tillman Battlefield Death Inquiry
John Currin
-
Former Director of Fact Checking
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Transcribed Interview
Patrick Tillman Battlefield Death
Taylor Gross
-
White House Spokesman
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Transcribed Interview
Patrick Tillman Battlefield Death
Jim Wilkinson
-
Former Director of Communications
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2008
Transcribed Interview
Patrick Tillman Battlefield Death
Sean McCormack
-
Former Press Secretary
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2008
Transcribed Interview
Other National Security Aides
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
Karl Inderfurth
-
Special Assistant to National Security Advisor
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Hearing Testimony
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
William Quandt
-
National Security Council Staff
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Hearing Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Alton G. Keel
-
Former Deputy National Security Advisor
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Oliver North
-
Director, Political and Military Affairs Directorate, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Hearing Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Craig Coy
-
Staff, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Lt. Col. Robert Earl
-
Deputy to Oliver North, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Donald Gregg
-
National Security Advisor to Vice President
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Walter Raymond
-
Detail from the Central Intelligence Agency to the National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Gaston J. Sigur
-
Asst. Secretary of State Senior Director, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition TestimonyHearing Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Howard Teicher
-
Senior Director, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Paul Thompson
-
General Counsel, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Jacqueline Tillman
-
Director, Latin American Affairs Directorate, National Security Council
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Attack on Embassy in Libya
Ben Rhodes
-
Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor
-
Obama
House Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi
-
2016
Transcribed Interview
Attack on Embassy in Libya
Benjamin Fishman
-
Staff, National Security Council
-
Obama
House Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi
-
2016
Transcribed Interview
Attack on Embassy in Libya
Bernadette Meehan
-
Deputy Spokesperson, National Security Council
-
Obama
House Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi
-
2016
Transcribed Interview
Other Select Examples
Watergate
Richard A. Moore
-
Special Counsel to the President
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Watergate
John Ehrlichman
-
Former Assistant to the President For Domestic Affairs
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Watergate
Patrick J. Buchanan
-
Special Consultant to the President
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Watergate
Bruce Kehrli
-
Special Assistant to the President
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1973
Hearing Testimony
Watergate
Alexander Haig
-
Staff Coordinator to the President
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1974
Hearing Testimony
Watergate
Rose Mary Woods
-
Personal Secretary to the President
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1974
Hearing Testimony
Watergate
John Caulfield
-
Former Staff Assistant
-
Nixon
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
-
1974
Hearing Testimony
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
Phillip Wise
-
Appointments Secretary
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Hearing Testimony
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
Thomas Beard
-
Deputy Assistant to the President
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Deposition Testimony
Billy Carter's Business Dealings
Susan Clough
-
Personal Secretary to the President
-
Carter
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Individuals Representing the Interests of Foreign Governments
-
1980
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Wilma Hall
-
Secretary to Admiral Poindexter
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Deposition Testimony
Iran Contra Affair
Fawn Hall
-
Secretary to Oliver North
-
Reagan
Joint Hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran and the Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition
-
1987
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
John Podesta
-
Staff Secretary
-
Clinton
Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
-
1994
Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Sylvia Mathews
-
Former Staff Director, National Economic Council
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Deborah Gorham
-
Assistant to the Associate Counsel
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Carolyn Huber
-
Special Assistant to the President And Director Of Personal Correpsondence
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony & Hearing Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
George Stephanopoulos
-
Senior Policy Advisor
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1995
Deposition Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Capricia Marshall
-
Special Assistant to the First Lady
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1996
Deposition Testimony
Whitewater Land Deal
Patty Solis
-
Special Assistant to the President And Director Of Scheduling For The First Lady
-
Clinton
Senate Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation
-
1996
Hearing Testimony
Campaign Finance
John Emerson
-
Deputy Assistant to the President
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Bob Nash
-
Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
Campaign Finance
Nancy Heinreich
-
Deputy Assistant to the President for Appointments and Scheduling
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Hearing Testimony
President's Holiday Card List
Marsha Scott
-
Deputy Director and Chief Of Staff Of Presidential Personnel
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
1997
Deposition Testimony
White House Emails
Mark Lindsay
-
Assistant to the President for Management and Administration
-
Clinton
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
2000
Hearing Testimony
Political Travel
Scott Jennings
-
Former Deputy Director, White House Office of Political Affairs
-
Bush
House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight
-
2007
Transcribed Interview
Political Travel
Mindy McLaughlin
-
Former Associate Director Of Scheduling
-
Bush
House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
-
2007
Transcribed Interview
During the Bush Administration, the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform obtained hearing testimony or deposition testimony from White House aides including the White House Director of Security and three former directors of the White House Office of Political Affairs.
SummaryHearing Testimony
During the Clinton Administration, dozens of White House aides provided deposition and hearing testimony to multiple congressional committees, with some individuals testifying repeatedly. One Committee alone, the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee, received testimony from three Chiefs of Staff, four White House Counsels, the Chief of Staff to the First Lady, the Chief of Staff to the Vice President, the Deputy Chief of Staff, the Communications Director, the Special Counsel to the President, the Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel, the Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs, and the Deputy Director and Chief of Staff for Presidential Personnel.
Summary
During the Carter Administration, the Senate Judiciary Committee led an inquiry into business dealings between the President’s brother, Billy Carter, and Libyan officials. The Committee inquiry took testimony from White House officials including the National Security Advisor and the Press Secretary. The Committee also reviewed White House telephone records, and a memo to National Security Advisor Brzezinski from his NSC aide Robert Gates on the Billy Carter trip to Libya.
Committee Documents
During the Reagan Administration, the joint House and Senate Iran-Contra investigation deposed 290 individuals, over a dozen of whom were current or former Reagan White House officials, including the White House Chief of Staff, Deputy Chief of Staff, and two National Security Advisors, among dozens of other agency officials.
List of Individuals
During the Nixon Administration, the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities heard testimony from high-level current and former White House aides including the former Chief of Staff, former Deputy Chief of Staff, former White House Counsel, former Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs, the Special Counsel to the President, and the Personal Secretary to the President.
Hearing Coverage
House Committee on Government Reform staff report on Oversight of the Clinton Administration:
Report
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on testimony from presidential advisors
Report